# What is this website??
Welcome to rtl.wtf, the site that will flip your brain and let you experience and experiment with right-to-left directionality online.
Guyon Morée from Beverwijk, Netherlands, CC BY 2.0, via Wikimedia Commons
This website may make your head spin. Here's an angry tiger to help.
Yeah, so, by now you’ve realized that the alignment of this page is a wee bit off. If you’ve cheated and went to ltr.wtf (tsk tsk) then you may see things a bit more normal, or rather, a bit more like you are used to seeing them: from left to right.
What you see in rtl.wtf in its intended Right-to-Left alignment, where your page’s point of origin is on the top right corner. If your main language is written from Left-to-Right (which is most of the languages that dominate the web) then this looks absolutely abominable to you.
Welcome to what Right-to-Left users feel browsing the web.
# Mental model
When we read and write, our brain has a certain mental model it follows. For left-to-right languages, that means expecting everything — the sentence, the logo, the “beginning” of things — to be on the left. For Right-to-Left speakers and writers, that is the opposite. This is a source of frustration for a-many RTL users, but even more so for website designers who are trying to create websites that cater to RTL users.
It’s my hope that this site can help you understand the challenges of supporting Right to Left online, and finding ways to overcome them.
# Why should I care?
Good question. I guess I should take solace in the fact that you are here, and you’ve read this page up to this point, so you must have some interest in making your software internationalized and accessible to everyone.
Truth is, though, Right-to-Left support is incredibly important, and it becomes more and more necessary as the internet starts penetrating more and more markets.
# Why should your software support Right-to-Left
RTL users are growing online. Here are a couple of numbers to convince you that we are getting pretty important to support:
- Their user base is growing.
- Arabic is Right-to-Left. There are about 19 Arabic-speaking countries in the world with combined population close to 350 million speakers.
- Farsi (spoken primarily but not exclusively in Iran) has about 110 million speakers.
- Urdu (spoken in Pakistan and parts of India) has about 65 million native speakers and 94 million second-language speakers.
- Pashto (spoken in Afghanistan and Pakistan) has about 50 million native speakers.
- Hebrew (spoken primarily in Israel) is spoken by about 9 million people.
- To those keeping track, this is over half a billion people, and we're not even done with the RTL language list.
- Unicode supports it and includes a “Bidirectional Algorithm” out of the box, so, I mean, really. There’s no reason your software shouldn’t.
- There are 16 Wikipedias that are in Right-to-Left languages with growing user base, showing that these languages really are growing.
# About this site
This site is built to demonstrate and explain directionality issues online. It’s still being built and worked-on, so please be patient while I add to it.
It was important for me to demonstrate RTL issues, and for that purpose, I built a little “tool” to flip things for you, in the shape of the blue link at the bottom: If you want to read the content in RTL (recommended, for best experience) then you can either go to rtl.wtf or click the 'give me the RTL experience' button at the bottom. If you chicken-out and want your good ol’ favorite LTR layout, go to ltr.wtf or click on 'this breaks my brain. switch to LTR'.
# License and sharing
- The content on this website is licensed under Creative Commons CC-BY-SA 4.0 (opens new window).
- The website behavior and content is available in the github repository (opens new window) -- Contributions, pull requests and bug reports are welcome!
- Any and all code snippets are shared under MIT license (opens new window) unless otherwise specified. While it's not mandatory to reshare, please consider sharing any solutions you're tweaking -- for the benefit of the community!
- Fav icon by Freepik from www.flaticon.com
If you do use anything on this site in your work, I’d be happy if you let me know!